Ekologiya və torpaqşünaslıq fakültəsi
24/06/2015
Project of Rehabilitation of Absheron Lakes

It is the result of international influence growing day by day that Azerbaijan hosts  popular international events. Holding events such as Baku International Humanitarian Forum, International Internet Governance Forum, and some international sports and music contests in Baku is not a coincidence at all. Organization of Davos World Economic Forum in Baku last year for the first time in Southern Caucasus and Middle Asia is the sign of high appreciation given to the achievements of Azerbaijan, and the internationally growing influence of our country.

As a consequence of political-economic stability, high international recognition and big experience in the arrangement of international events, the first European Olympic Games will be held in Azerbaijan in 2015, July. Most of the events to be held within the scope of European Games, will take place in Olympic Stadium Complex that is being constructed on the East shore of Boyukshor lake. It is expected that 6-7 thousand sportsmen will participate in the contests and ten thousands of people will visit this area. It is planned to complete the first phase of complex rehabilitation of Boyukshor lake and surrounding areas by the starting date of the events.

The rehabilitation project of Boyukshor lake is realized within the scope of the tasks on improvement of environmental situation of 9 lakes of Absheron Peninsula (Khojahasan, Boyukshor, the lake in front of Binagadi Sports Complex, Girmizi, Puta (Lokbatan), Gu, Zabrat, Bulbula, Zig) as stated in the State program for socio-economic development of Baku and its settlements confirmed by the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev.

Boyukshor lake is the biggest lake in Absheron Peninsula. The area of lake is 1060 ha and historically, especially in Soviet period it was critically contaminated with oil, sewage waters, municipal and construction waste. The rehabilitation project of Boyukshor lake will be realized in two phases. In the first phase to be implemented in 2014-2015 the 300 ha area located close to the Olympic Stadium will be rehabilitated. It is planned to isolate North part of the lake that was historically contaminated with oil from shoreline through the construction of dam in this phase. It will enable prevention of oil, contaminated water and floating waste. Within the scope of the project, a dam will be constructed along the Western shore of the area and this dam will serve as six-line and two-sided highway in near future. This road will be integrated to Ziya Bunyadov avenue from one side and with Balakhani- Binagadi highway from the other and it will reduce the load of city road infrastructure. Total length of the highway located in the lake part will be 1570 meters. The highway to be constructed as a dam will also serve to isolate Eastern part of the lake to be cleaned till the European Games in 2015. Furthermore, in the first phase contaminated waters flowing into Boyukshor Lake will be prevented and the contaminated water during circle will be directed to Hovsan Aeration Station. It’s also planned to dredge and treat the contaminated sediments from the lake and also to cancel illegal waste disposal sites currently existing around the lake. Sewage waters will completely be prevented on the Southern shore and wide beautification and construction works will be carried out here and parks and green areas will be made. To prevent pollution on the Stadium shore of the lake wastewater collector will be constructed and contaminated ground waters will be isolated from the lake water via special metal boards. It is also planned to construct a promenade along the shoreline and to make a path to the Stadium area through this promenade. The second phase on the rehabilitation of Boyukshor lake will be realized in 2015-2020. All these measures will serve to restore the lake to its natural course, to balance water level and to restore ecosystem.

To provide sustainability  in the rehabilitation of Absheron lakes, according to the Decree ‘On Measures to improve the environmental situation of Zigh lake’ of the President of the Republic Ilham Aliyev dated 15 October, 2014, realization of works for rehabilitation of the aforementioned lake has started.

http://tamizshahar.az/projects/view/aberon-gllrinin-ekoloji-brpas-layihsi#

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